Test of Reading
Text 1.Прочитайте текст. Охарактеризуйте каждое из приведенных после текста предложений, выбрав один из следующих вариантов ответа: 1). Соответствует содержанию текста (А); 2). Противоречит содержанию текста (В); 3). Не имеет отношения к тексту (С). Обведите нужную букву (А, В, С) на листе для ответов.
KEEP IN MIND WHEN CAMPING
These rules help to protect your parks and you!
BEWARE OF BEARS. All food must be stored in metal bearproof boxes where provided.
FIRES. Gather only dead and down wood; do not cut branches from trees. Better yet, bring wood from home or purchase it from a market. Make sure fires are out before leaving your campsite.
GROUP CAMPSITES. Call in advance for information on making reservations for group tent-camping areas in Dorst: (209) 565-3778; Sunset (209) 335-5545; Canyon View (209) 565-3762.
RESERVING CAMPSITES. Reserving campsites is prohibited in first-come, first-served campgrounds. You may not hold a site for someone who has not arrived yet. Sites not occupied for 24 hours are considered free.
LIMITS. Many campgrounds permit a maximum of one vehicle and six people per campsite. Check locally for slight variations in these limits. Parking is available nearby for extra vehicles.
CAMP IN CAMPSITES. In the park camp only in certain sites in campgrounds. Roadside camping is permitted only in the national forest.
CAMPING LIMIT. In the park, 14 days during the period from June 14 - September 14, with 30 days total per year.
ROAD VEHICLES & TRAILERS. Trailers are permitted in all but four campgrounds; check specific listings. However, many sites are not suitable for trailers. A limited number of campsites can accommodate vehicles or trailers over 30 feet long.
VEHICLE LENGTH. Absolute maximum length in these parks is 40 feet for single vehicles, 35 feet for trailers. Combination vehicles may not exceed 50 feet. Width limit is 8 feet.
For information contact the Volunteer Coordinator.
The Sierra Nevada Chronicle, 1999
According to the rules written above
41. There are no restrictions for reserving campsites.
Text 2.Прочитайте текст. Закончите приведенные после текста предложения, выбрав вариант, который соответствует содержанию текста. Обведите нужную букву (A, B, C, D) на листе для ответов.
The area known as Torbay is made up of three "sister" towns - Torquay, Paignton and Brixham, set in the lovely county of Devon - an area of wide open spaces, green fields and beautiful coastline. It shares the reputation as one of the country's leading holiday destinations. From the Vikings to the Spanish Armada the history and heritage of Torbay will surprise and delight all visitors.
Torquay, Queen of the English Riviera, is a beautiful seaside resort in the South West of England - only 320 kilometres from London. The old English word "torr" means a hill, and the word "quay" means a landing place for unloading ships. During the Napoleonic Wars when Napoleon was fighting with the French Navy, his ships used the bay, where the town is located, as a safe shelter. One of the world's best loved and most popular authors, Agatha Christie, was born in Torquay on September 15th 1890 and spent much of her life here. Many other celebrated personalities such as admiral Horatio Nelson, writer Rudyard Kipling, statesman Benjamin Disraeli, and dancer Isadora Duncan stayed in Torquay and Irish playwright Sean O'Casey lived here for many years. Like Rome, Torquay is built on seven hills. The town is known for its beautiful views of the sea and surrounding countryside. The warm summer climate and waving palm trees attract sun-seekers and the mild winters are recommended for people's health. Watersports are an important feature of life in Torquay which is internationally famous for sailing and windsurfing.
Paignton lies at the centre of Torbay and its coastline is relatively straight and flat. There are many wide sandy beaches with safe bathing. For many years the town has been important for farming, fishing and trading. It became well-known for its cider and its giant cabbages.
Brixham is the smallest and most picturesque of the Torbay towns. It is situated in a hilly place with steep sides. The attractive houses are crowded together on terraces, which are connected by numerous steps. The town has a long history. Roman coins and pottery were found here. In 1688 William of Orange (from the Netherlands) landed at Brixham on his way to claim the throne of England from James II. A replica of the Mayflower ship was built in Brixham in 1957 and sailed to Plymouth, where it is anchored as a "Living Museum". In the 19th century Brixham was a busy and important fishing port, famous for its red-sailed boats. Fishing is still important to the town today.
Torquay Guide, 1999
46. ...... are built on the hills.
A. All three of the towns
47. Fishing is still important to ...... .
A. all three of the towns
48. The word replica (paragraph 4) means
A. the original ship
49. ....... didn't live in Torbay area.
A. Rudyard Kipling and Isadora Duncan
50. According to the text the best title would be
A. Torbay - the leading resort area in Britain
Text 3.Прочитайте приведенные ниже объявления. Выберите правильный вариант ответа на каждый вопрос. Обведите нужную букву (A, В, C, D) на листе для ответов.
OFFICES FOR RENT
51. How many companies provide offices for sale?
52. Which of the companies rent out offices that are not centrally located?
A. Skanska Ltd and Nevsky Prostor Ltd
53. Which company offers the greatest number of services and facilities?
A. Skanska Ltd
54. Which company gives a discount?
A. Darout Service
55. What is the best choice to get friendly surroundings?
A. Darout Service
Text 4.Соотнесите приведенные после текста предложения с содержанием соответствующих абзацев. Обведите нужную букву (A, B, C, D, E) на листе для ответов.
MANAGERS BEAR THE BURDEN OF OFFICE
56. Figures drawn from America's Bureau of Labour statistics show the number of secretaries has fallen from 5.2m in 1987 to 3.4m today. In Britain the fall is estimated at 35%.
57. The spread of voice mail in the early 1990s, followed by e-mail and hand-held computers, has forced white-collar workers to look after themselves. Most managers are now computer literate and able to type. A further sharp fall in secretarial numbers is expected when voice-recognition software, introduced in 1990, is updated. It will soon be capable of taking dictation on the phone and transcribing conversations.
58. The boss is increasingly likely to be a woman and the secretary a man. Last April Robert Laird became the first British male to win the secretary of the year award since 1955. He is personal assistant to the chief executive of Aberdeen College.
59. High proportions of managerial and professional workers are women who do not expect the same tea-and-typing service as their male predecessors. "If you are just a typist, just do dictation or just answer the phone, I hate to say it but you had better start increasing your skills", said Rick Stroud, Manager for the International Association of Administrative Professionals. It changed its name from the Professional Secretaries' Association three years ago. Many high-powered women began their careers as secretaries.
60. Male executives are being forced to work harder now. Stephen Roach, Morgan Stanley's chief economist, said: "Your secretary used to be responsible for managing your typographical errors. Now you have to master spell-check. She used to be able to screen your calls. Now outsiders get access to you through e-mail. When you were on the road, you called her once a day to get your messages. Now you spend time on the road dialling up your laptop".
Sunday Times, September 9, 2001
A. Secretarial staff in Britain and the USA have sharply decreased since the late eighties.